The Catholic Church built the missions to convert the Native Indians to Christianity.
Each mission had a church with a beautiful altar. This is a photo of the altar at Mission de Alcala.
Candles are an important part of the Catholic religion. Priests taught the Indians how to make candles.
Prayer candles are lit before saying a prayer for someone.
Bells were used to regulate mission activities like meals, mass, and the start of the workday. They were also used to announce important events like births and funerals.
Most of the missions had a bell wall with separate niches for each bell.