Civics Lessons for Students

Pennsylvania Lesson


Pennsylvania is one of the original thirteen colonies of the United States. It joined the union in 1787. The state capital of Pennsylvania is Harrisburg and the largest city is Philadelphia. The Appalachian Mountains run north and south in the eastern half of the state. Mount Davis is the highest point while the Delaware River is the lowest. Two important documents, The Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution were debated and ratified in Independence Hall in Philadelphia. This lesson includes photos of the state flag, capital, flower, and bird. (3 pages)

Map of Pennsylvania

Map of Pennsylvania

  • Pennsylvania is located in the northeastern part of the United States.

  • It shares borders with Ohio, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, and West Virginia. A small part of the state borders Lake Erie.

  • Pennsylvania became the second U.S. state on December 12, 1787.


State Flag of Pennsylvania

State Flag of Pennsylvania

  • Pennsylvania's state flag is dark blue with an emblem in the center.

  • The emblem has two horses, an eagle, and the words VIRTUE, LIBERTY, AND INDEPENDENCE.

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