Civics Lessons for Students

New Mexico Lesson, Page 2

Roadrunner - State Bird of New Mexico


  • New Mexico's state bird is the roadrunner.

  • Roadrunners are 22 inches long (56 centimeters) and weigh 10.5 ounces (300 grams). They have long legs, beaks, and tail feathers.

  • They can run 20 miles per hour (32 km/h).


Yucca Flower - State Flower of New Mexico

Yucca Flower

  • New Mexico's state flower is the yucca flower.

  • Yucca plants have long sword-shaped leaves. When they bloom, they produce large clusters of white flowers.

  • They are pollinated by yucca moths.


Pinon or Pinyon - New Mexico's State Tree

Pinon or Pinyon Tree

  • New Mexico's state tree is the pinon or pine nut tree. Pinon is also spelled pinyon.

  • Pinon trees produce nuts. They live for more than 150 years.

  • Needles on pinon trees are 1.2 to 2 inches long.

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