Civics Lessons for Students

Arizona Lesson, Page 2

Phoenix - Capital of Arizona

Capital of Arizona

  • The capital of Arizona is Phoenix.
  • Phoenix is located the the Sonoran Desert. Temperatures average over 100 degrees three months out of the year.


Saguaro Cactus

Saguaro Cactus

  • Arizona's state flower is the saguaro blossom.
  • Saguaros are tall cactus plants that can live for 150 years. They grow slowly and have arms.
  • The plants blossom at night from April to May.


Cactus Wren - State Bird of Arizona

Cactus Wren

  • Arizona's state bird is the cactus wren.
  • Cactus wrens are 7-9 inches (18-23 cm) long and they are brown with white spots. Males and females look alike.
  • Cactus wrens live in pairs and build nests inside cactus plants. They eat insects such as ants and grasshopers.

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Copyrights to the pictures and photos on this state lesson belong to individual photographers. We have purchased the rights to use them. Do not copy the images on this ESL website. Contact Christina Niven, ESL teacher, at Please send corrections, comments, and requests for new state lessons and worksheets. Copyright © Christina Niven, 2007.