EL Civics for ESL Students

Pledge of Allegiance

Civics, History, and Government
Woman Reciting the Pledge of Allegiance

Copy of the Pledge of Allegiance


1. The Pledge of Allegiance has 31 words.

2. It was written by Francis Bellamy for the kid's magazine Youth's Companion in 1892.

3. Youth's Companion was a family magazine with a circulation around 500,000 in 1892.

4. The Pledge of Allegiance was an advertising message intended to celebrate Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas.

5. The original Pledge of Allegiance was shorter: I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands: one Nation indivisible, with Liberty and Justice for all.

6. The Pledge of Allegiance has been challenged in court.

  • The Pledge of Allegiance is a promise of allegiance to the United States.
  • Allegiance means loyalty.
  • Groups recite the Pledge of Allegiance in unison at the start of public events like school assemblies and naturalization ceremonies.
  • Students in some public classrooms say the Pledge of Allegiance each morning.
  • Words:
  • I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.

  • Directions:
  • 1. Stand and face the flag.

    2. Put your right hand over your heart.

    3. Males should take off their hats and put them over their left shoulder with their hands over their hearts.

    4. Recite the Pledge of Allegiance in unison with the other participants.

    5. People in military uniform should face the flag, remain silent, and give a military salute.

  • There have been many lawsuits regarding the Pledge of Allegiance.
  • Some people object to swearing loyalty to any power lesser than God, some object to the word God in the Pledge, and others object to saying the Pledge of Allegiance at all.
  Home Page >>

Copyrights to the pictures and photos on this ESL/EL Civics website belong to individual photographers. We have purchased the rights to use them. Do not copy the photos on this site. Permission is granted to copy any of the worksheets for classroom use. Permission is granted to link to any page of this website. Contact Christina Niven at christina@elcivics.com. Please send corrections, comments, greetings, and requests for new units. Copyright © Christina Niven, 2007.