EL Civics for ESL Students

Pearl Harbor Day Lesson, Page 3

by www.elcivics.com
Japanese Emperor Hirohito, 1901-1989

Why did Japan attack Pearl Harbor?

  • The Japanese wanted to damage the U.S. Pacific Fleet so it couldn't be used against them when they attacked countries in Southeast Asia.
  • When World War II ended with the unconditional surrender of Japan, Emperor Hirohito focused on rebuilding his country. Under his leadership, Japan became a modern democracy and an industrial and technological success.


Pearl Harbor Memorial

What is this?

  • It is the USS Arizona Memorial. It is located in Pearl Harbor.
  • It is the resting place of 1,102 of the 1,177 sailors who were killed during the Pearl Harbor attack.
  • More than one million people visit the memorial each year.


USS Missouri Museum

What is this?

  • It is the Battleship Missouri Museum in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
  • Japan surrendered unconditionaly on August 15, 1945. On September 2, Japanese representatives signed the treaty of surender on the deck of the USS Missouri while it was in Tokyo Bay.


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