EL Civics for ESL Students

World War II

Civics Test - U.S. History and Government
Arizona Attacked at Pearl Harbor

Franklin Roosevelt Signing Declaration of War against Japan


1. Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, the United States, China, Taiwan, Canada, India, South Africa, Australia, Poland, Greece, Yugoslavia and other countries were called the Allied Powers or Allies.

2. Germany, Japan, and Italy were called the Axis Powers.

3. In 1937, the Axis Powers signed an agreement called the Berlin-Rome-Tokyo Axis Powers in which they agreed to help each other in wars.

4. The Soviet Union and China suffered the most deaths during World War II. About twenty-three million (23,000,000) people died in the Soviet Union and about nineteen million (19,000,000) in China.

  • The United States fought in World War II from 1941-1945.
  • Franklin Roosevelt was President during this time.
  • When Franklin Roosevelt died in office on April 12, 1945, Harry Truman became president.
  • During the war, the United States fought Japan, Germany, and Italy.
  • World War II began in 1939 when Germany invaded Poland.
  • The United States tried to stay out of the war, but soon after Pearl Harbor was attacked by Japan on December 7, 1941, President Roosevelt signed a Declaration of War.
  • In August of 1945, President Harry Truman gave an order to drop atomic bombs in Japan on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
  • Days after the bombings, Japan surrendered.
  • World War II ended on September 2, 1945.
  • Seventy-two million (72,000,000) people died during World War II.
  • It was the deadliest war of all time.
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