Civics Lessons for Students
California Golden Gate Bridge

California Lesson


California is the third largest state in area in the United States. Only Alaska and Texas are larger. California became the 31st state on September 9, 1850. With over 37 million people, it has the largest population and the largest economy of the fifty states. It shares a border with Oregon, Nevada and Arizona. It also shares its southern border with Mexico. California is known for sunny weather, beaches, and movie stars. On this photo tour, you'll see pictures of California's state symbols and landmarks. (3 pages)

California Flag Known as the Bear Flag

What animal is on the California flag?

  • The grizzly bear represents strength.
  • The California flag is called the bear flag.


Hi, Jerry. How is the weather in Sacramento?

What is the capital of California?

  • The capital of California is Sacramento.

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